Five Centuries of Hydrography – An Exhibition on Ancient Charts

Canada et Amérique du Nord

Nicolas Vallard
Bibliothèque de l’Université Laval
© M. Moleiro Editor, Atlas Vallard, carte nautique 9

This map demonstrates the geographical knowledge of the New World at the time of Jacques Cartier‘s expeditions from 1534 to 1542. One can see the Gulf of St. Lawrence, the river and the land discovered by the St. Malo explorer. Note that the south is at the top of this map. Cartier and his men are displayed, as well as the Amerindians. This map shows that the French were increasingly present in the North Atlantic in the 16th century.